For each integer $n \ge 2$, let $A(n)$ be the area of the region in the coordinate plane defined by the inequalities $1\le x \le n$ and $0\le y \le x \left\lfloor \sqrt x \right\rfloor$, where $\left\lfloor \sqrt x \right\rfloor$ is the greatest integer not exceeding $\sqrt x$. Find the number of values of $n$ with $2\le n \le 1000$ for which $A(n)$ is an integer.

Find the number of positive integers $n$ less than $1000$ for which there exists a positive real number $x$ such that $n=x\lfloor x \rfloor$.
Note: $\lfloor x \rfloor$ is the greatest integer less than or equal to $x$.

Let $P(x) = x^2 - 3x - 9$. A real number $x$ is chosen at random from the interval $5 \le x \le 15$. The probability that $\lfloor\sqrt{P(x)}\rfloor = \sqrt{P(\lfloor x \rfloor)}$ is equal to $\frac{\sqrt{a} + \sqrt{b} + \sqrt{c} - d}{e}$ , where $a$, $b$, $c$, $d$, and $e$ are positive integers. Find $a + b + c + d + e$.

For a real number $a$, let $\lfloor a \rfloor$ denominate the greatest integer less than or equal to $a$. Let $\mathcal{R}$ denote the region in the coordinate plane consisting of points $(x,y)$ such that $\Big\lfloor x \Big\rfloor ^2 + \Big\lfloor y \Big\rfloor ^2 = 25$. The region $\mathcal{R}$ is completely contained in a disk of radius $r$ (a disk is the union of a circle and its interior). The minimum value of $r$ can be written as $\frac {\sqrt {m}}{n}$, where $m$ and $n$ are integers and $m$ is not divisible by the square of any prime. Find $m + n$.

For each positive integer n, let $f(n) = \displaystyle\sum_{k = 1}^{100} \lfloor \log_{10} (kn) \rfloor$. Find the largest value of n for which $f(n) \le 300$.
Note: $\lfloor x \rfloor$ is the greatest integer less than or equal to $x$.

For every real number $x$, let $\lfloor x\rfloor$ denote the greatest integer not exceeding $x$, and let \[f(x)=\lfloor x\rfloor(2014^{x-\lfloor x\rfloor}-1).\] The set of all numbers $x$ such that $1\leq x<2014$ and $f(x)\leq 1$ is a union of disjoint intervals. What is the sum of the lengths of those intervals?

Let $f(x)=|2\{x\}-1|$ where $\{x\}$ denotes the fractional part of $x$. The number $n$ is the smallest positive integer such that the equation \[nf(xf(x))=x\] has at least $2012$ real solutions. What is $n$? Note: the fractional part of $x$ is a real number $y=\{x\}$ such that $0\le y<1$ and $x-y$ is an integer.

At a competition with $N$ players, the number of players given elite status is equal to $2^{1+\lfloor \log_{2} (N-1) \rfloor}-N$. Suppose that $19$ players are given elite status. What is the sum of the two smallest possible values of $N$?

For every $m$ and $k$ integers with $k$ odd, denote by $\left[\frac{m}{k}\right]$ the integer closest to $\frac{m}{k}$. For every odd integer $k$, let $P(k)$ be the probability that
\[\left[\frac{n}{k}\right] + \left[\frac{100 - n}{k}\right] = \left[\frac{100}{k}\right]\]
for an integer $n$ randomly chosen from the interval $1 \leq n \leq 99!$. What is the minimum possible value of $P(k)$ over the odd integers $k$ in the interval $1 \leq k \leq 99$?

Let $x$ be chosen at random from the interval $(0,1)$. What is the probability that $\lfloor\log_{10}4x\rfloor - \lfloor\log_{10}x\rfloor = 0$? Here $\lfloor x\rfloor$ denotes the greatest integer that is less than or equal to $x$.

Let $S$ be the sum of all distinct real solutions of the equation $$\sqrt{x+2015}=x^2-2015$$
Compute $\lfloor 1/S \rfloor$.

There is a sequence with $a(2) = 0$, $a(3) = 1$ and $a(n) = a(\lfloor{\frac{n}{2}}\rfloor)+a(\lceil{\frac{n}{2}}\rceil)$ for $n\ge 4$. Find $a(2014)$.

Let $m$ be an odd positive integer, and not a multiple of 3. Show that the integer part of $4^m - (2+\sqrt{2})^m$ is a multiple of 112.

How many solutions does the following system have?
$$
\left\{
\begin{array}{ll}
\lfloor x \rfloor + 2y &= 1\\
\lfloor y \rfloor + x &=2
\end{array}
\right.
$$
Where $\lfloor x \rfloor$ and $\lfloor y \rfloor$ denote the largest integers not exceeding $x$ and $y$, respectively.

Let $x$ be a positive number. Denote by $[x]$ the integer part of $x$ and by $\{x\}$ the decimal part of $x$. Find the sum of all positive numbers satisfying $5\{x\} + 0.2[x] = 25$.

Find the largest integer not exceeding $1 + \frac{1}{\sqrt{2}}+ \frac{1}{\sqrt{3}} + \cdots + + \frac{1}{\sqrt{10000}}$

The remainder can be defined for all real numbers $x$ and $y$ with $y \neq 0$ by \[\text{rem} (x ,y)=x-y\left \lfloor \frac{x}{y} \right \rfloor\]where $\left \lfloor \tfrac{x}{y} \right \rfloor$ denotes the greatest integer less than or equal to $\tfrac{x}{y}$. What is the value of $\text{rem} (\tfrac{3}{8}, -\tfrac{2}{5} )$?

Let $f(x)=\sum_{k=2}^{10}(\lfloor kx \rfloor -k \lfloor x \rfloor)$, where $\lfloor r \rfloor$ denotes the greatest integer less than or equal to $r$. How many distinct values does $f(x)$ assume for $x \ge 0$?

Anh read a book. On the first day she read $n$ pages in $t$ minutes, where $n$ and $t$ are positive integers. On the second day Anh read $n + 1$ pages in $t + 1$ minutes. Each day thereafter Anh read one more page than she read on the previous day, and it took her one more minute than on the previous day until she completely read the $374$ page book. It took her a total of $319$ minutes to read the book. Find $n + t$.

A taxi charges \$3.25 for the first mile and \$0.45 for each additional 14 mile thereafter. At most, how many miles can a passenger travel using \$13.60? Express your answer as a mixed number.

Let $S_n$ be the sum of first $n$ terms in sequence $\{a_n\}$ where $$a_n=\sqrt{1+\frac{1}{n^2}+\frac{1}{(n+1)^2}}$$ Find $\lfloor{S_n}\rfloor$ where the floor function $\lfloor{x}\rfloor$ returns the largest integer not exceeding $x$.

Find the greatest integer less than $$1+\frac{1}{\sqrt{2}}+\frac{1}{\sqrt{3}}+\cdots+\frac{1}{\sqrt{1000000}}$$

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