Let $f(x)$ be a third-degree polynomial with real coefficients satisfying $$|f(1)|=|f(2)|=|f(3)|=|f(5)|=|f(6)|=|f(7)|=12.$$ Find $|f(0)|$.

Steve says to Jon, 'I am thinking of a polynomial whose roots are all positive integers. The polynomial has the form $$P(x) = 2x^3-2ax^2+(a^2-81)x-c$$

for some positive integers $a$ and $c$. Can you tell me the values of $a$ and $c$?' After some calculations, Jon says, 'There is more than one such polynomial.' Steve says, 'You're right. Here is the value of $a$.' He writes down a positive integer and asks, 'Can you tell me the value of $c$?' Jon says, 'There are still two possible values of $c$.' Find the sum of the two possible values of $c$.

Let $f(x) = x^4 + ax^3 + bx^2 + cx + d$. If $f(-1) = -1$, $f(2)=-4$, $f(-3) = -9$, and $f(4) = -16$. Find $f(1)$.

Solve in positive integers $x^2 - 4xy + 5y^2 = 169$.

Solve in integers the question $x+y=x^2 -xy + y^2$.

Solve in integers $\frac{x+y}{x^2-xy+y^2}=\frac{3}{7}$

The zeros of the function $f(x) = x^2-ax+2a$ are integers. What is the sum of the possible values of $a$?

There are exactly $N$ distinct rational numbers $k$ such that $|k|<200$ and \[5x^2+kx+12=0\] has at least one integer solution for $x$. What is $N$?

Let $a + ar_1 + ar_1^2 + ar_1^3 + \cdots$ and $a + ar_2 + ar_2^2 + ar_2^3 + \cdots$ be two different infinite geometric series of positive numbers with the same first term. The sum of the first series is $r_1$, and the sum of the second series is $r_2$. What is $r_1 + r_2$?

Let $p(x) = x^3 + ax^2 + bx + c$, where $a$, $b$, and $c$ are complex numbers. Suppose that
\[p(2009 + 9002\pi i) = p(2009) = p(9002) = 0\]
What is the number of nonreal zeros of $x^{12} + ax^8 + bx^4 + c$?

The solutions of the equation $z^4+4z^3i-6z^2-4zi-i=0$ are the vertices of a convex polygon in the complex plane. What is the area of the polygon?

How many pairs of positive integers $(a,b)$ are there such that $\gcd(a,b)=1$ and \[\frac{a}{b}+\frac{14b}{9a}\] is an integer?

There are two values of $a$ for which the equation $4x^2 + ax + 8x + 9 = 0$ has only one solution for $x$. What is the sum of these values of $a$?

The quadratic equation $x^2+mx+n$ has roots twice those of $x^2+px+m$, and none of $m,n,$ and $p$ is zero. What is the value of $\frac{n}{p}$?

The zeroes of the function $f(x)=x^2-ax+2a$ are integers .What is the sum of the possible values of a?

The real numbers $c,b,a$ form an arithmetic sequence with $a\ge b\ge c\ge 0$ The quadratic $ax^2+bx+c$ has exactly one root. What is this root?

Let $a$, $b$, and $c$ be positive integers with $a\ge$ $b\ge$ $c$ such that $a^2-b^2-c^2+ab=2011$ and $a^2+3b^2+3c^2-3ab-2ac-2bc=-1997$.
What is $a$?

The polynomial $x^3-ax^2+bx-2010$ has three positive integer roots. What is the smallest possible value of $a$?

A quadratic equation $ax^2 - 2ax + b = 0$ has two real solutions. What is the average of these two solutions?

Let $a$ and $b$ be the roots of the equation $x^2-mx+2=0$. Suppose that $a+\frac1b$ and $b+\frac1a$ are the roots of the equation $x^2-px+q=0$. What is $q$?

There are two values of $a$ for which the equation $4x^2 + ax + 8x + 9 = 0$ has only one solution for $x$. What is the sum of those values of $a$?

The quadratic equation $x^2+mx+n=0$ has roots twice those of $x^2+px+m=0$, and none of $m,n,$ and $p$ is zero. What is the value of $\frac{n}{p}$?

Let integer $n\ge 2$, prove $$\sin{\frac{\pi}{n}}\cdot\sin{\frac{2\pi}{n}}\cdots\sin{\frac{(n-1)\pi}{n}}=\frac{n}{2^{n-1}}$$

Let polynomials $P(x)$, $Q(x)$, $R(x)$, and $S(x)$ satisfy: $$P(x^5) + xQ(x^5)+x^2R(x^5)=(x^4+x^3+x^2+x+1)S(x)$$
Prove: $(x-1) | P(x)$

Let $f(z) = z^2 + az + b$, where both $a$ and $b$ are complex numbers. If for all $|z|=1$, find the values of $a$ and $b$.