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Let $f(x)$ be a third-degree polynomial with real coefficients satisfying $$|f(1)|=|f(2)|=|f(3)|=|f(5)|=|f(6)|=|f(7)|=12.$$ Find $|f(0)|$.

Let $A = \{1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7\}$, and let $N$ be the number of functions $f$ from set $A$ to set $A$ such that $f(f(x))$ is a constant function. Find the remainder when $N$ is divided by $1000$.

Let $f_1(x) = \frac23 - \frac3{3x+1}$, and for $n \ge 2$, define $f_n(x) = f_1(f_{n-1}(x))$. The value of $x$ that satisfies $f_{1001}(x) = x-3$ can be expressed in the form $\frac mn$, where $m$ and $n$ are relatively prime positive integers. Find $m+n$.

Given the function $f(x) = 2x^2 - 3x + 7$ with domain {$-2, -1, 3, 4$}, what is the largest integer in the range of $f$?

For every positive integer $n$, let $\text{mod}_5 (n)$ be the remainder obtained when $n$ is divided by 5. Define a function $f: \{0,1,2,3,\dots\} \times \{0,1,2,3,4\} \to \{0,1,2,3,4\}$ recursively as follows: \[f(i,j) = \begin{cases}\text{mod}_5 (j+1) & \text{ if } i = 0 \text{ and } 0 \le j \le 4 \text{,}\\ f(i-1,1) & \text{ if } i \ge 1 \text{ and } j = 0 \text{, and} \\ f(i-1, f(i,j-1)) & \text{ if } i \ge 1 \text{ and } 1 \le j \le 4. \end{cases}\] What is $f(2015,2)$?

The domain of the function $f(x)=\log_{\frac12}(\log_4(\log_{\frac14}(\log_{16}(\log_{\frac1{16}}x))))$ is an interval of length $\tfrac mn$, where $m$ and $n$ are relatively prime positive integers. What is $m+n$?

Let $P$ be a cubic polynomial with $P(0) = k$, $P(1) = 2k$, and $P(-1) = 3k$. What is $P(2) + P(-2)$ ?

Define the function $f_1$ on the positive integers by setting $f_1(1)=1$ and if $n=p_1^{e_1}p_2^{e_2}\cdots p_k^{e_k}$ is the prime factorization of $n>1$, then \[f_1(n)=(p_1+1)^{e_1-1}(p_2+1)^{e_2-1}\cdots (p_k+1)^{e_k-1}.\] For every $m\ge 2$, let $f_m(n)=f_1(f_{m-1}(n))$. For how many $N$ in the range $1\le N\le 400$ is the sequence $(f_1(N),f_2(N),f_3(N),\dots )$ unbounded? Note: A sequence of positive numbers is unbounded if for every integer $B$, there is a member of the sequence greater than $B$.

Let $f(x)=ax^2+bx+c$, where $a$, $b$, and $c$ are integers. Suppose that $f(1)=0$, $50 < f(7) < 60$, $70 < f(8) < 80$, $5000k < f(100) < 5000(k+1)$ for some integer $k$. What is $k$?

Let $f_{1}(x)=\sqrt{1-x}$, and for integers $n \geq 2$, let $f_{n}(x)=f_{n-1}(\sqrt{n^2 - x})$. If $N$ is the largest value of $n$ for which the domain of $f_{n}$ is nonempty, the domain of $f_{N}$ is $[c]$. What is $N+c$?

Let $f(x) = 10^{10x}, g(x) = \log_{10}\left(\frac{x}{10}\right), h_1(x) = g(f(x))$, and $h_n(x) = h_1(h_{n-1}(x))$ for integers $n \geq 2$. What is the sum of the digits of $h_{2011}(1)$?

Let $f(x) = \log_{10} \left(\sin(\pi x) \cdot \sin(2 \pi x) \cdot \sin (3 \pi x) \cdots \sin(8 \pi x)\right)$. The intersection of the domain of $f(x)$ with the interval $[0,1]$ is a union of $n$ disjoint open intervals. What is $n$?

Monic quadratic polynomial $P(x)$ and $Q(x)$ have the property that $P(Q(x))$ has zeros at $x=-23, -21, -17,$ and $-15$, and $Q(P(x))$ has zeros at $x=-59,-57,-51$ and $-49$. What is the sum of the minimum values of $P(x)$ and $Q(x)$?

Suppose that $f(x+3)=3x^2 + 7x + 4$ and $f(x)=ax^2 + bx + c$. What is $a+b+c$?

Functions $f$ and $g$ are quadratic, $g(x) = - f(100 - x)$, and the graph of $g$ contains the vertex of the graph of $f$. The four $x$-intercepts on the two graphs have $x$-coordinates $x_1$, $x_2$, $x_3$, and $x_4$, in increasing order, and $x_3 - x_2 = 150$. The value of $x_4 - x_1$ is $m + n\sqrt p$, where $m$, $n$, and $p$ are positive integers, and $p$ is not divisible by the square of any prime. What is $m + n + p$?

A function $f$ has domain $[0,2]$ and range $[0,1]$. (The notation $[a,b]$ denotes $\{x:a \le x \le b \}$.) What are the domain and range, respectively, of the function $g$ defined by $g(x)=1-f(x+1)$?

The function $\displaystyle f$ has the property that for each real number $\displaystyle x$ in its domain, $\displaystyle 1\/x$ is also in its domain and $f(x)+f\left(\frac{1}{x}\right)=x$ What is the largest set of real numbers that can be in the domain of $f$?

For each $x$ in $[0,1]$, define \[\begin{array}{clr} f(x) & = 2x, & \text { if } 0 \leq x \leq \frac {1}{2}; \\ f(x) & = 2 - 2x, & \text { if } \frac {1}{2} < x \leq 1. \end{array}\] Let $f^{[2]}(x) = f(f(x))$, and $f^{[n + 1]}(x) = f^{[n]}(f(x))$ for each integer $n \geq 2$. For how many values of $x$ in $[0,1]$ is $f^{[2005]}(x) = \frac {1}{2}$?

If $f$ is a function such that $f(f(x)) = x^2 - 1$, what is $f(f(f(f(3))))$?

Let $a > 0$, and let $P(x)$ be a polynomial with integer coefficients such that $P(1) = P(3) = P(5) = P(7) = a$, and $P(2) = P(4) = P(6) = P(8) = -a$. What is the smallest possible value of $a$?

Let $f(x) = x^2 + 5$, and $g(x) = 2(f(x))$. What is the greatest possible value of $f(x + 1)$ when $g(x)$ = 108?

Let $f(x) = \sqrt{2^2-x^2}$. Find the value of $f(f(f(f(f(-1)))))$.

Find all polynomials $f(x)$ such that $f(x^2) = f(x)f(x+1)$.

Let $x, y \in [-\frac{\pi}{4}, \frac{\pi}{4}], a \in \mathbb{Z}^+$, and $$ \left\{ \begin{array}{rl} x^3 + \sin x - 2a &= 0 \\ 4y^3 +\frac{1}{2}\sin 2y +a &=0 \end{array} \right. $$ Compute the value of $\cos(x+2y)$

Let $f$ be a real-valued function such that $f(x) + 2f(\frac{2002}{x}) = 3x$ for all $x > 0$. Find $f(2)$.