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For each integer $n \ge 2$, let $A(n)$ be the area of the region in the coordinate plane defined by the inequalities $1\le x \le n$ and $0\le y \le x \left\lfloor \sqrt x \right\rfloor$, where $\left\lfloor \sqrt x \right\rfloor$ is the greatest integer not exceeding $\sqrt x$. Find the number of values of $n$ with $2\le n \le 1000$ for which $A(n)$ is an integer.

The repeating decimals $0.abab\overline{ab}$ and $0.abcabc\overline{abc}$ satisfy $0.abab\overline{ab}+0.abcabc\overline{abc}=\frac{33}{37},$ where $a$, $b$, and $c$ are (not necessarily distinct) digits. Find the three digit number $abc$.

Let $f(x)=(x^2+3x+2)^{cos(\pi x)}$. Find the sum of all positive integers $n$ for which $\left |\sum_{k=1}^nlog_{10}f(k)\right|=1.$

The domain of the function $f(x) = \arcsin(\log_{m}(nx))$ is a closed interval of length $\frac{1}{2013}$ , where $m$ and $n$ are positive integers and $m>1$. Find the remainder when the smallest possible sum $m+n$ is divided by 1000.

Positive integers $a$ and $b$ satisfy the condition $\log_2(\log_{2^a}(\log_{2^b}(2^{1000}))) = 0.$ Find the sum of all possible values of $a+b$.

Let $x,$ $y,$ and $z$ be positive real numbers that satisfy $2\log_{x}(2y) = 2\log_{2x}(4z) = \log_{2x^4}(8yz) \ne 0.$ The value of $xy^5z$ can be expressed in the form $\frac{1}{2^{p\/q}},$ where $p$ and $q$ are relatively prime positive integers. Find $p+q.$

Find the number of positive integers $n$ less than $1000$ for which there exists a positive real number $x$ such that $n=x\lfloor x \rfloor$. Note: $\lfloor x \rfloor$ is the greatest integer less than or equal to $x$.

Let $P(x) = x^2 - 3x - 9$. A real number $x$ is chosen at random from the interval $5 \le x \le 15$. The probability that $\lfloor\sqrt{P(x)}\rfloor = \sqrt{P(\lfloor x \rfloor)}$ is equal to $\frac{\sqrt{a} + \sqrt{b} + \sqrt{c} - d}{e}$ , where $a$, $b$, $c$, $d$, and $e$ are positive integers. Find $a + b + c + d + e$.

Suppose that $y = \frac34x$ and $x^y = y^x$. The quantity $x + y$ can be expressed as a rational number $\frac {r}{s}$, where $r$ and $s$ are relatively prime positive integers. Find $r + s$.

For a real number $a$, let $\lfloor a \rfloor$ denominate the greatest integer less than or equal to $a$. Let $\mathcal{R}$ denote the region in the coordinate plane consisting of points $(x,y)$ such that $\Big\lfloor x \Big\rfloor ^2 + \Big\lfloor y \Big\rfloor ^2 = 25$. The region $\mathcal{R}$ is completely contained in a disk of radius $r$ (a disk is the union of a circle and its interior). The minimum value of $r$ can be written as $\frac {\sqrt {m}}{n}$, where $m$ and $n$ are integers and $m$ is not divisible by the square of any prime. Find $m + n$.

For each positive integer n, let $f(n) = \displaystyle\sum_{k = 1}^{100} \lfloor \log_{10} (kn) \rfloor$. Find the largest value of n for which $f(n) \le 300$. Note: $\lfloor x \rfloor$ is the greatest integer less than or equal to $x$.

Positive numbers $x$, $y$, and $z$ satisfy $xyz = 10^{81}$ and $(\log_{10}x)(\log_{10} yz) + (\log_{10}y) (\log_{10}z) = 468$. Find $\sqrt {(\log_{10}x)^2 + (\log_{10}y)^2 + (\log_{10}z)^2}$.

What is the value of $a$ for which $\frac{1}{\text{log}_2a} + \frac{1}{\text{log}_3a} + \frac{1}{\text{log}_4a} = 1$?

What is the value of $2-(-2)^{-2}$ ?

What is the value of $(625^{\log_5 2015})^{\frac{1}{4}}$ ?

The first three terms of a geometric progression are $\sqrt 3$, $\sqrt[3]3$, and $\sqrt[6]3$. What is the fourth term?

A five-digit palindrome is a positive integer with respective digits $abcba$, where $a$ is non-zero. Let $S$ be the sum of all five-digit palindromes. What is the sum of the digits of $S$?

The domain of the function $f(x)=\log_{\frac12}(\log_4(\log_{\frac14}(\log_{16}(\log_{\frac1{16}}x))))$ is an interval of length $\tfrac mn$, where $m$ and $n$ are relatively prime positive integers. What is $m+n$?

For every real number $x$, let $\lfloor x\rfloor$ denote the greatest integer not exceeding $x$, and let $f(x)=\lfloor x\rfloor(2014^{x-\lfloor x\rfloor}-1).$ The set of all numbers $x$ such that $1\leq x<2014$ and $f(x)\leq 1$ is a union of disjoint intervals. What is the sum of the lengths of those intervals?

Let $f_0(x)=x+|x-100|-|x+100|$, and for $n\geq 1$, let $f_n(x)=|f_{n-1}(x)|-1$. For how many values of $x$ is $f_{100}(x)=0$?

When $p = \sum\limits_{k=1}^{6} k \ln{k}$, the number $e^p$ is an integer. What is the largest power of 2 that is a factor of $e^p$?

For how many positive integers $x$ is $\log_{10}(x-40) + \log_{10}(60-x) < 2$ ?

The sequence $\log_{12}{162}$, $\log_{12}{x}$, $\log_{12}{y}$, $\log_{12}{z}$, $\log_{12}{1250}$ is an arithmetic progression. What is $x$?

Consider $A = \log (2013 + \log (2012 + \log (2011 + \log (\cdots + \log (3 + \log 2) \cdots ))))$. Which of the following intervals contains $A$?

Let $m>1$ and $n>1$ be integers. Suppose that the product of the solutions for $x$ of the equation $8(\log_n x)(\log_m x)-7\log_n x-6 \log_m x-2013 = 0$ is the smallest possible integer. What is $m+n$?