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Let $n$ be an even positive integer, and let $p(x)$ be an $n$-degree polynomial such that $p(-k) = p(k)$ for $k = 1, 2, \dots , n$. Prove that there is a polynomial $q(x)$ such that $p(x) = q(x^2)$.


Let $n$ be an integer greater than or equal to 3. Prove that there is a set of $n$ points in the plane such that the distance between any two points is irrational and each set of three points determines a non-degenerate triangle with rational area.