Let $b$ and $c$ be two positive integers, and $a$ be a prime number. If $a^2 + b^2 = c^2$, prove $a < b$ and $b+1=c$.
Let $\triangle ABC$ be a right triangle whose three sides' lengths are all integers. Prove among its three sides' lengths, at lease one is a multiple of $3$, one is a multiple of $4$, and one is a multiple of $5$. (Note: they can be the same side. For example, in the $5-12-13$, $12$ is both a multiple of $3$ and $4$.)