Practice (64)

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Let $P$ be a point inside square $ABCD$ such that $AP=1, BP = 3,$ nd $DP=\sqrt{7}$. Find the area of $ABCD$. Try to find at least two solutions.

Let $M$ be the midpoint of $AB$ which is the hypotenuse of a non-isosceles right triangle ${ABC}$. If $DM\perp AB$ and $DC$ bisects $\angle{ACB}$, show $CM=DM$.

For $n\ge 1$, let $d_n$ denote the length of the line segment connecting the two points where the line $y = x + n + 1$ intersects the parabola $8x^2 = y - \frac{1}{32}$ . Compute the sum $$\sum_{n=1}^{1000}\frac{1}{n\cdot d_n^2}$$

The curve $y=x^4+2x^3-11x^2-13x+35$ has a bitangent (a line tangent to the curve at two points). What is the equation of this bitangent line.

The points $(0,0)$, $(a,11)$, and $(b,37)$ are the vertices of an equilateral triangle. Find the value of $ab$.

Line $\ell$ in the coordinate plane has the equation $3x - 5y + 40 = 0$. This line is rotated $45^{\circ}$ counterclockwise about the point $(20, 20)$ to obtain line $k$. What is the $x$-coordinate of the $x$-intercept of line $k$?

The vertices of a quadrilateral lie on the graph of $y = \ln x$, and the $x$-coordinates of these vertices are consecutive positive integers. The area of the quadrilateral is $\ln \frac{91}{90}$. What is the $x$-coordinate of the leftmost vertex?

In the diagram below, a line is tangent to a unit circle centered at $Q (1, 1)$ and intersects the two axes at $P$ and $R$, respectively. The angle $\angle{OPR}=\theta$. The area bounded by the circle and the $x-$axis is $A(\theta)$ and the are bounded by the circle and the $y-$axis is $B(\theta)$.

  1. Show the coordinates of the point $Q$ is $(1+\sin\theta, 1+\cos\theta)$. Find the equation of line $PQR$ and determine the coordinates of $P$.
  2. Explain why $A(\theta)=B\left(\frac{\pi}{2}-\theta\right)$ always holds and calculates $A\left(\frac{\pi}{2}\right)$.
  3. Show that $A\left(\frac{\pi}{3}\right)=\sqrt{3}-\frac{\pi}{3}$.