Let $m$ be the least positive integer divisible by $17$ whose digits sum is $17$. Find $m$.

The positive integers $N$ and $N^2$ both end in the same sequence of four digits $abcd$ when written in base 10, where digit $a$ is not zero. Find the three-digit number $abc$.

Let $a > b > c$ be three positive integers. If their remainders are $2$, $7$, and $9$ respectively when being divided by $11$. Find the remainder when $(a+b+c)(a-b)(b-c)$ is divided by $11$.

Find all positive integer $n$ such that $2^n+1$ is divisible by 3.

What is the remainder when $\left(8888^{2222} + 7777^{3333}\right)$ is divided by $37$?

Find all prime number $p$ such that both $(4p^2+1)$ and $(6p^2+1)$ are prime numbers.

Ms. Math's kindergarten class has $16$ registered students. The classroom has a very large number, $N$, of play blocks which satisfies the conditions:

- If $16$, $15$, or $14$ students are present in the class, then in each case all the blocks can be distributed in equal numbers to each student, and
- There are three integers $0 < x < y < z < 14$ such that when $x$, $y$, or $z$ students are present and the blocks are distributed in equal numbers to each student, there are exactly three blocks left over.

Find the sum of the distinct prime divisors of the least possible value of $N$ satisfying the above conditions.

For positive integers $n$ and $k$, let $f(n, k)$ be the remainder when $n$ is divided by $k$, and for $n > 1$ let $F(n) =\displaystyle\max_{\substack{1\le k\le \frac{n}{2}}} f(n, k)$. Find the remainder when $\sum\limits_{n=20}^{100} F(n)$ is divided by $1000$.

Let $\mathcal{S}$ be the set of all perfect squares whose rightmost three digits in base $10$ are $256$. Let $\mathcal{T}$ be the set of all numbers of the form $\frac{x-256}{1000}$, where $x$ is in $\mathcal{S}$. In other words, $\mathcal{T}$ is the set of numbers when the last three digits of each number in $\mathcal{S}$ are truncated. Find the remainder when the tenth smallest element of $\mathcal{T}$ is divided by $1000$.

For a positive integer $p$, define the positive integer $n$ to be $p$-safe if $n$ differs in absolute value by more than $2$ from all multiples of $p$. For example, the set of $10$-safe numbers is $\{ 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 23, \ldots\}$. Find the number of positive integers less than or equal to $10,000$ which are simultaneously $7$-safe, $11$-safe, and $13$-safe.

Let $R$ be the set of all possible remainders when a number of the form $2^n$, where $n$ is a non-negative integer, is divided by $1000$. Let $S$ be the sum of the elements in $R$. Find the remainder when $S$ is divided by $1000$.

There are $N$ permutations $(a_{1}, a_{2}, ... , a_{30})$ of $1, 2, \ldots, 30$ such that for $m \in \left\{{2, 3, 5}\right\}$, $m$ divides $(a_{n+m} - a_{n})$ for all integers $n$ with $1 \leq n < n+m \leq 30$. Find $N$.

What is the last digit of $9^{2019}$?

What are the last two digits of $8^{88}$?

Find the remainder when $3^{2019} + 4^{2019}$ is divided by 5?

Find the remainder when $9 \times 99 \times 999 \times \cdots \times \underbrace{99\cdots9}_{\text{999}}$ is divided by $1000$.

Let integer $a$, $b$, and $c$ satisfy $a+b+c=0$, prove $|a^{1999}+b^{1999}+c^{1999}|$ is a composite number.

The number $2^{29}$ is a nine-digit number whose digits are all distinct. Which digit of $0$ to $9$ does not appear?

What is the units digit of the sum of the squares of the integers from $1$ to $2015$, inclusive?

The number $2017$ is prime. Let $S = \sum \limits_{k=0}^{62} \dbinom{2014}{k}$. What is the remainder when $S$ is divided by $2017$?

A box contains gold coins. If the coins are equally divided among six people, four coins are left over. If the coins are equally divided among five people, three coins are left over. If the box holds the smallest number of coins that meets these two conditions, how many coins are left when equally divided among seven people?

What are the last two digits in the sum of the factorials of the first $100$ positive integers?

Let four positive integers $a$, $b$, $c$, and $d$ satisfy $a+b+c+d=2019$. Prove $\left(a^3+b^3+c^3+d^3\right)$ cannot be an even number.

What is the tens digit of $7^{2019}$?

What is the units digit of $13^{2019}$?