ComplexNumberApplication LinearRecursion Intermediate

Problem - 2073

Let sequences {$a_n$} and {$b_n$} satisfy: $a_n=a_{n-1}\cos{\theta} - b_{n-1}\sin{\theta}$ and $b_n=a_{n-1}\sin{\theta}+b_{n-1}\cos{\theta}$. If $a_1=1$ and $b_1=\tan{\theta}$, where $\theta$ is a known real number, find the general formula for {$a_n$} and {$b_n$}.

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