ComplexNumber

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89   
Let $w$ and $z$ be complex numbers such that $|w| = 1$ and $|z| = 10$. Let $\theta = arg \left(\tfrac{w-z}{z}\right)$. The maximum possible value of $\tan^2 \theta$ can be written as $\tfrac{p}{q}$, where $p$ and $q$ are relatively prime positive integers. Find $p+q$. (Note that $arg(w)$, for $w \neq 0$, denotes the measure of the angle that the ray from $0$ to $w$ makes with the positive real axis in the complex plane)

102   
Real numbers $r$ and $s$ are roots of $p(x)=x^3+ax+b$, and $r+4$ and $(s-3)$ are roots of $q(x)=x^3+ax+b+240$. Find the sum of all possible values of $|b|$.

107   
Let $z$ be a complex number with $|z|=2014$. Let $P$ be the polygon in the complex plane whose vertices are $z$ and every $w$ such that $\frac{1}{z+w}=\frac{1}{z}+\frac{1}{w}$. Then the area enclosed by $P$ can be written in the form $n\sqrt{3}$, where $n$ is an integer. Find the remainder when $n$ is divided by $1000$.

189   
There are nonzero integers $a$, $b$, $r$, and $s$ such that the complex number $r+si$ is a zero of the polynomial $P(x)={x}^{3}-a{x}^{2}+bx-65$. For each possible combination of $a$ and $b$, let ${p}_{a,b}$ be the sum of the zeros of $P(x)$. Find the sum of the ${p}_{a,b}$'s for all possible combinations of $a$ and $b$.

206   
Let $S$ be the set of all polynomials of the form $z^3 + az^2 + bz + c$, where $a$, $b$, and $c$ are integers. Find the number of polynomials in $S$ such that each of its roots $z$ satisfies either $|z| = 20$ or $|z| = 13$.

215   
The complex numbers $z$ and $w$ satisfy $z^{13} = w,$ $w^{11} = z,$ and the imaginary part of $z$ is $\sin{\frac{m\pi}{n}}$, for relatively prime positive integers $m$ and $n$ with $m \lt n$. Find $n$.

223   
Complex numbers $a,$ $b,$ and $c$ are zeros of a polynomial $P(z) = z^3 + qz + r,$ and $|a|^2 + |b|^2 + |c|^2 = 250.$ The points corresponding to $a,$ $b,$ and $c$ in the complex plane are the vertices of a right triangle with hypotenuse $h.$ Find $h^2.$

230   
Let $z=a+bi$ be the complex number with $\vert z \vert = 5$ and $b > 0$ such that the distance between $(1+2i)z^3$ and $z^5$ is maximized, and let $z^4 = c+di$. Find $c+d$.

232   
The complex numbers $z$ and $w$ satisfy the system $$z + \frac{20i}w = 5+i$$ $$w+\frac{12i}z = -4+10i$$ Find the smallest possible value of $\vert zw\vert^2$.

254   
For some integer $m$, the polynomial $x^3 - 2011x + m$ has the three integer roots $a$, $b$, and $c$. Find $|a| + |b| + |c|$.

262   
Let $z_1$, $z_2$, $z_3$, $\dots$, $z_{12}$ be the 12 zeroes of the polynomial $z^{12} - 2^{36}$. For each $j$, let $w_j$ be one of $z_j$ or $iz_j$. Then the maximum possible value of the real part of $\displaystyle\sum_{j = 1}^{12} w_j$ can be written as $m + \sqrt{n}$, where $m$ and $n$ are positive integers. Find $m + n$.

300   
Let $P(z)=x^3+ax^2+bx+c$, where a, b, and c are real. There exists a complex number $w$ such that the three roots of $P(z)$ are $w+3i$, $w+9i$, and $2w-4$, where $i^2=-1$. Find $|a+b+c|$.

376   
Rational numbers $a$ and $b$ are chosen at random among all rational numbers in the interval $[0,2)$ that can be written as fractions $\frac{n}{d}$ where $n$ and $d$ are integers with $1 \le d \le 5$. What is the probability that \[(\text{cos}(a\pi)+i\text{sin}(b\pi))^4\] is a real number?

403   
A bee starts flying from point $P_0$. She flies $1$ inch due east to point $P_1$. For $j \ge 1$, once the bee reaches point $P_j$, she turns $30^{\circ}$ counterclockwise and then flies $j+1$ inches straight to point $P_{j+1}$. When the bee reaches $P_{2015}$ she is exactly $a \sqrt{b} + c \sqrt{d}$ inches away from $P_0$, where $a$, $b$, $c$ and $d$ are positive integers and $b$ and $d$ are not divisible by the square of any prime. What is $a+b+c+d$ ?

501   
Let $f : \mathbb{C} \to \mathbb{C}$ be defined by $f(z) = z^2 + iz + 1$. How many complex numbers $z$ are there such that $\text{Im}(z) > 0$ and both the real and the imaginary parts of $f(z)$ are integers with absolute value at most $10$?

526   
Let $G$ be the set of polynomials of the form \[P(z)=z^n+c_{n-1}z^{n-1}+\cdots+c_2z^2+c_1z+50,\] where $c_1,c_2,\cdots, c_{n-1}$ are integers and $P(z)$ has distinct roots of the form $a+ib$ with $a$ and $b$ integers. How many polynomials are in $G$?

591   
Consider all polynomials of a complex variable, $P(z)=4z^4+az^3+bz^2+cz+d$, where $a,b,c,$ and $d$ are integers, $0\le d\le c\le b\le a\le 4$, and the polynomial has a zero $z_0$ with $|z_0|=1.$ What is the sum of all values $P(1)$ over all the polynomials with these properties?

616   
Let $f(z)= \frac{z+a}{z+b}$ and $g(z)=f(f(z))$, where $a$ and $b$ are complex numbers. Suppose that $\left| a \right| = 1$ and $g(g(z))=z$ for all $z$ for which $g(g(z))$ is defined. What is the difference between the largest and smallest possible values of $\left| b \right|$?

642   
Let $P(z) = z^8 + \left(4\sqrt{3} + 6\right)z^4 - \left(4\sqrt{3} + 7\right)$. What is the minimum perimeter among all the $8$-sided polygons in the complex plane whose vertices are precisely the zeros of $P(z)$?

683   
For how many ordered triples $(x,y,z)$ of nonnegative integers less than $20$ are there exactly two distinct elements in the set $\{i^x, (1+i)^y, z\}$, where $i=\sqrt{-1}$?

708   
For what value of $n$ is $i + 2i^2 + 3i^3 + \cdots + ni^n = 48 + 49i$? Note: here $i = \sqrt { - 1}$.

741   
A region $S$ in the complex plane is defined by \[S = \{x + iy: - 1\le x\le1, - 1\le y\le1\}.\] A complex number $z = x + iy$ is chosen uniformly at random from $S$. What is the probability that $\left(\frac34 + \frac34i\right)z$ is also in $S$?

787   
A function $f$ is defined by $f(z) = (4 + i) z^2 + \alpha z + \gamma$ for all complex numbers $z$, where $\alpha$ and $\gamma$ are complex numbers and $i^2 = - 1$. Suppose that $f(1)$ and $f(i)$ are both real. What is the smallest possible value of $| \alpha | + |\gamma |$ ?

811   
The polynomial $f(x) = x^{4} + ax^{3} + bx^{2} + cx + d$ has real coefficients, and $f(2i) = f(2 + i) = 0.$ What is $a + b + c + d?$

940   
A sequence of complex numbers $z_{0}, z_{1}, z_{2}, ...$ is defined by the rule \[z_{n+1} = \frac {iz_{n}}{\overline {z_{n}}},\] where $\overline {z_{n}}$ is the complex conjugate of $z_{n}$ and $i^{2}=-1$. Suppose that $|z_{0}|=1$ and $z_{2005}=1$. How many possible values are there for $z_{0}$?

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